The Seolleung (宣陵) is the royal tomb of the 9th King Seongjong (成宗, 1457-1494) of the Joseon Dynasty and his lawful second wife, Queen Jeonghyeon (貞顯王后, 1462-1530), from the Yun family. King Seongjong was a son of King Deokjong and Queen Sohye (King Deokjong received the title of king after his death). King Seongjong lost his father two months after his birth. When King Yejong, the following ruler after King Sejo, passed away within one year of his reign, Queen Jeonghui ordered King Seongjong to ascend the throne in 1469. King Seongjong completed all the systems and the foundation that had been developed since the years of King Taejo, thereby promoting the flourishing of the culture of early Joseon. Queen Jeonghyeon was installed as Queen in 1480, the year after the mother of Prince Yeonsan, the Lady Yun, was expelled. Prince Jinseong (King Jungjong), a son of Queen Jeonghyeon ousted Prince Yeonsan with the Jungjongbanjeong (中宗反正, the insurrection of King Jungjong), and ascended the throne. The Seolleung unusually had a lot of mishaps and suffered an indignity. During the Imjinwaeran (壬辰倭亂, the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592), the royal tomb was dug up and the Jaegung (The coffin of king and queen) was burned. In 1625 (the 3rd year of King Injo), the Jeongjagak (a T-shaped house built for sacrificial rites in front of a tomb) was set on fire and then repaired. In the following year, another fire broke out at the tomb.
Jeongneung Royal tomb, Seoul (靖陵)
The Jeongneung (靖陵) is the royal tomb of the 11th King Jungjong (中宗, 1488-1544) of the Joseon Dynasty. Being the second son of King Seongjong, King Jungjong was installed as Prince Jinseong in 1494. Prince Jinseong raised a revolt in 1506 and ousted Prince Yeonsan and then, became a king. After the enthronement, King Jungjong tried to reform the disorderly administration of Prince Yeonsan and to realize his ideal politics of the rule of right. However, endless political disputes destabilized the royal court. In 1544, King Jungjong abdicated the throne in favor of the Crown Prince, King Injong, before he passed away.
Initially, King Injong created the tomb of the late king at Goyang and granted him the posthumous title of King Jungjong, and named the tomb the Huireung (禧陵). Then, he built the Jeongneung on the right hill of the Huireung, the tomb of his second lawful wife Queen Janggyeong from the Yun family (it is currently in the graveyard of the Seosamneung). In 1562 (the 17th year of King Myeongjong), it was moved to the eastern hill of the Seolleung, the current burial place of the Jeongneung by Queen Munjeong.