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Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs, Hwaseong
Yungneung and Geolleung Royal Tombs, Hwaseong ADMISSION INFORMATION ON TOMB
Yungneung Royal tomb, Hwaseong (隆陵)
This is a joint tomb of King Jangjo (莊祖, the Crown Prince Sado, 1735-1762) and his wife, Hyegyeonggung, the Lady Hong (Empress Heongyeong with an epithet ‘Ui’, 1735-1815). King Jangjo was the second son of the 21st King Yeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty. He was also the Crown Prince Jangheon and the father of King Jeongjo. The Crown Prince Jangheon was born when King Yeongjo was over 40 and his half brother, the Crown Prince Hyojang (the posthumous King Jinjong), died young. He was installed as Crown Prince at the age of two. As the Crown Prince Jangheon administered the state affairs on behalf of his father, the Noron (老論, a faction separated from the Seoin in the Joseon Dynasty, the hard-liners) with Queen Jeongsun and Sugwi, the Lady Mun, taking the lead, entrapped him. As a result, he died after being locked in a wooden rice chest. In 1762, King Yeongjo regretted that the Crown Prince Jangheon died a miserable death at the age of 28, and granted him the posthumous epithet Sado (思悼) and named his tomb the Sueunmyo (垂恩墓). The Sado means remembering the Crown Prince and lamenting his death. The Hyegyeonggung, the Lady Hong, wrote the Hanjungnok (恨中錄), a history novel telling about the death of the Crown Prince Sado. She received the title of Hyebin in 1762 after the death of the Crown Prince Sado. The tomb of the Crown Prince Sado was originally located in the Baebongsan Mountain in Jungnangpo, south of Yangjugun in Gyeonggi-do Province. Immediately after his enthronement, King Jeongjo raised the posthumous title of his father to the Jangheon (莊獻). In 1789, he moved the tomb to the current place and changed the title of the tomb to the Yungneung (隆陵). When King Gojong reigned, the Crown Prince Jangheon received the posthumous title of the Emperor (懿皇帝) and his wife, the title of Empress (懿皇后).

Geolleung Royal tomb, Hwaseong (健陵)
The Geolleung (健陵) is a joint tomb of the 22nd King Jeongjo (1752-1800) of the Joseon Dynasty and Queen Hyoui (1753-1821) from the Gim family. King Jeongjo was the second son of the Crown Prince Sado rested in the Yungneung and the Hyegyeonggung, the Lady Hong. He was installed as Wangseson, the Eldest Grandson of King, at the age of eight. During his 24 years on the throne, King Jeongjo ruled the nation in the right way by implementing the Tangpyeongchaek (蕩平策, a policy to balance the power of political factions). He accomplished great work in the area of academic research by creating the Gyujanggak (奎章閣, a national library). He built a representative castle of Joseon in Suwon in the later period. Most of all, his utmost devotion to his parents made him adored, even by his people. As soon as he ascended the throne, King Jeongjo did everything he could to appease and mollify his father’s vindictive sprits. He ceased the party squabbles that covered the eyes of King Yeongjo and dreamed of transferring the capital to Hwaseong (華城) to establish a new nation. Having a devotion to his parents as much as King Jeongjo, Queen Hyoui sincerely attended on her mother-in-law, the Hyegyeonggung, the Lady Hong. When King Sunjo ascended the throne in 1800, she was invested with the title of Queen Dowager. She died without an heir at the age of 69. The title of her tomb was initially the Jeongneung (靜陵) but as it was buried together with the Geolleung, a separate title was not granted. The Geolleung was located in the eastern hill of the Hyeollyungwon, the tomb of the Crown Prince Sado. When it was moved to the western hill, it was buried together with the tomb of Queen Hyoui.

Location Map of Joseon Royal Tombs