Located at the mountainside of Tohamsan Mountain in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Bulguksa Temple was founded by Kim Dae-seong in the tenth year of King Gyeongdeok of Silla (751).
According to Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms), Bulguksa Temple was built for the parents of his present life while Seokguram Grotto was carved for the parents of his previous existence.
This 1.77-meter-tall Buddha of Enlightenment, which is said to save all the people with a benign light, is enshrined in the Virojeon Hall of Bulguksa Temple.The head of the image, which has a form of two top shells fixed to each other, shows a refined technique.
Long and rich face looks fleshy.
The robe, expressed thinly and covered the left shoulder with the right shoulder exposed, shows the shape of dignified body.
The robe, hanging down on the left arm along with the U-shaped folds around the front part of the body looks languid and worn-out.
The index finger of the right hand gently covered by the left hand is contrary to the posture usually taken by the statue of Seated Gilt-bronze Vairocana Buddha.Firmly built shoulders, voluminous chest and slim waist of the statue make it felt as the ideal and refined work of Silla period.
But judged from too wide laps, the folds and face with the reduced tense and vitality, it is considered as a work in the early 9th century.