This beautiful fortress is located on Paldalsan Mountain and nearby hills in Suwon.
Built under the plan of King Jeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty who wanted to move the court from Seoul to Suwon, to be closer to the tomb of his father, the ill-fated Prince Jangheon, the fortress is famous for having used modern equipment and machinery invented by such renowned scientists as Yu Hyeong-won and Jeong Yak-yong .
The construction of the fortress called Hwaseong (Flower Fortress), took two years from 1974, the 18th year of King Jeongjo's reign.
This fortress, designed to surround the entire town center, is complete with a temporary palace called Hwaseong Haenggung, and shrines such as Jungposa, Naeposa and Sajikdan as well as four smaller passageways, two floodgates, three guardhouses, a signal-fire stand and five gun emplacements.
It also have four main gates, Changnyongmun in the east, Hwaseomun in the west, Janganmun in the north, and Paldalmun in the south.
The original fortress was heavily damaged for the last 200 years, particularly during the Korean War (1950-1953).
It was restored through a three-year project begun in 1975.
This fortress is unique in the history of fortress construction in Asia in that aesthetic beauty is wonderfully mixed with the modern technology, and perhaps that's why it should be listed by UNESCO as the World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO in 1997.