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    • Trifoliate Orange of Gapgot-ri, Ganghwa
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 Classification Natural Monument   78
 Name of Cultural
 Properties
Trifoliate Orange of Gapgot-ri, Ganghwa
 Kind of Cultural
 Properties
 Quantity 79㎡ (Protected area)
 Designated Date 1962.12.03
 Address 1016, Gapgot-ri, Ganghwa-eup, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon  Ganghwa-gun  Incheon
 Age
 Owner Jang Dong-geun
 Manager Ganghwa-gun
 Description Trifoliate orange trees are found in the southeastern area of Korea, and are thought to have been introduced to both Korea and Japan from China.

The seeds and fruit of the tree are used as medical substances.

Because these trees have many thorns, they are planted to form protective fences around orchards.

The trifoliate orange tree in Gapgot-ri is about 400 years old, stands 4.2m tall, and has a girth of 2.12m.

It is located beside the Ganghwa History Museum, the island to which King Gojong (r.

1213-1259) of the Goryeo Dynasty fled from the Mongolian army, and where King Injo (r.

1623-1649) of Joseon Dynasty fled during the first Manchu invasion of Korea in 1627.

It was during this period that many trifoliate oranges were planted beneath the walls of fortresses as a symbol of protection against foreign invasion.

As such, it is probable that this trifoliate orange tree was planted around that time.

The trifoliate orange tree in Gapgot-ri is historically important because it was planted to protect against foreign invasion.

The tree is also significant as it marks the northernmost habitat of the species.

It has been designated as Natural Monument (No.

78).
 
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