The name seems to come from 'Five' of the theory of 5 elements.
Earlier, it was performed on the 15th of January by the lunar calendar, and later, it was transformed as amusement of spring and autumn.Around 1910, people belonging to Namchon sect began Ogwangdae after watching Tongyeong Ogwangdae, and then the event has apparently grown to today's mask dance influenced by Changwon Ogwangdae.
It is composed of 5 dances of Leper Dance, Ogwangdae Dance, Monk Dance, Bibi Dance, Jemilju Dance.
A total of 19 actors including leper, Malttugi, Won Yangban, Cheongje Yangban, Jeokje Yangban, Baekje Yangban, Heukje Yangban, Hongbaek Yangban, Jongga Doryeong, Bibi, Bibi Yangban, monk, bride, old man, old woman, Jemilju, private servant appears on the stage.It reflects living of the common people, and innuendoes yangban (the noble) and spoiled monks, and handles the problem of wife and concubine.
Among them, mockery of yanban made by Malttugi is very severe, wile satire at spoiled monks is not sharp because of Buddhism rooted in the region.Goseong Ogwangdae used more simple colors than Ogwangdae in other regions.
Earlier, it used paper-made masks, but recently used masks made of paulownia.
Goseong Ogwangdae was designated as an important intangible cultural asset with joys and sorrows of common people.